As more and more countries improve its economy and industrialization, international trade has increased and this has a huge impact on globalization as a whole. Today, thousands of goods and materials are being transported each day across seas and oceans via air freight and more pertinently, by cargo shipping.

Just imagine a world without international trade. A country would then be limited to its own resources and produce within its borders. In principle, it is not so different from domestic trade. The only difference is that, internationally, more costs are involved due to tariffs, time delays, border delays, shipment or transport, and country differences.

One major influence for international trade is the factor for production and cost for labour. It is common nowadays how US and other countries import labour-intensive goods from China. The thing that happens is that not Chinese labour is imported but the goods that were made with Chinese labour. This comes cost-effective for some nations who are producing branded clothing, apparels, and goods.

cargo shippingCargo ships are specifically designed to handle bulk transport of various kinds of loads.

The following are generally the major groups or classification of cargo ships in accordance with the type of cargo they carry:

  • Tankers, to carry petroleum and other liquid products
  • Dry bulk Carriers, which are suited to carry grain, coal and ore as well as other similar loose forms
  • General Cargo, which carry packed items like foods, chemicals, garments, apparels, and even furniture and equipments
  • Multi-purpose Vessels for carrying different types of cargo at the same time – e.g. machinery and ores

Modern cargo shipping are further classified to two, to reflect the services it has to offer for the industry.

  • Liners, which are usually container vessels and run on fixed schedules as published with in ports by shipping companies
  • Tramp-tankers, which operate privately by arrangement between shipper and receiver and assisted by the vessel operators

Furthermore, cargo shipping categorizes the cargoes by volume, though partly by dimensions and weight. Dry cargo may vary from small handy size which carries 20,000 long tons DWT to capsize, that is large enough to traverse by the Cape Horn and Cape of Good Hope, and Chinamax for carrying as much as 400,000 DWT. Wet cargo may vary from oil tankers between 75,000 and 115,000 DWT to enormous super tankers between 320,000 and 550,000 DWT. These dimensions define which cargo ships are allowed to traverse Canals and Straits, and which dimensions are limited by port infrastructures.

Indeed, exchanging the capital, goods and services across international barriers and territories are essential for globalization. International trade has risen much recently though it has long been present in history. Thanks to advancements in information and communications technology, cargo shipping and freight forwarding is not anymore a dreaded endeavour and many businessmen are motivated to do business with the rest of the world despite territorial and language barriers.